The Impressionist movement of the 19th century revolutionized the art world, focusing on capturing fleeting moments of light and color. However, this movement also left some artists yearning for more.
Post-Impressionism artists sought to transcend the limitations of depicting the observed world and delve into the depths of their subjective vision. This desire gave birth to Post-Impressionism, an artistic movement that encompassed a wide range of styles and ideologies but shared a common motivation: to respond to the opticality of Impressionism and explore the artist’s inner world.
Table of Contents
- About The Post-Impressionism Art Movement
- Post-Impressionism Exploration Of Form And Pattern
- Post-Impressionism Paved Way For Abstract Expressionism Movement
- The Legacy Of Post-Impressionism Seen In Contemporary Art
- Related Questions
About The Post-Impressionism Art Movement
Post-Impressionism is a great art movement that has left an indelible mark on the art world, giving rise to some of history’s most renowned artworks and artists. One such luminary of this movement was Vincent van Gogh, whose contributions have become synonymous with the essence of Post-Impressionism.
The Impressionist movement, which flourished in the 19th century, revolutionized Art by capturing the ephemeral interplay of light and color. While this approach garnered immense acclaim, it left certain artists craving a deeper connection to their craft.
The post-impressionism artists yearned to transcend the mere depiction of the observable world and instead plunge into the depths of their subjective visions. It was from this longing that Post-Impressionism emerged. This diverse and captivating artistic movement united artists in their quest to respond to the opticality of Impressionism while delving into the rich tapestry of their inner worlds.
Post-Impressionism Started Late 19th Century
Post-Impressionism emerged in the late 19th century and continued to influence Art well into the 20th century. Artists like Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh sought to connect with viewers on a deeper level by infusing their works with their memories, emotions, and subjective experiences.
Paul Gauguin – Post Impressionism Artist
Gauguin, known for his lush Symbolist paintings, sought to escape the confines of Western civilization and immerse himself in the exoticism of the South Pacific. His works, such as “Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?” and “Tahitian Women on the Beach,” are rich with symbolic imagery and vivid colors, inviting viewers to contemplate the mysteries of life and the human condition.
Vincent Van Gogh – Post Impressionism Artist
On the other hand, Van Gogh explored his tumultuous emotions through his vibrant and expressive brushwork. His famous works, such as “Starry Night” and “The Bedroom,” are characterized by swirling brushstrokes and intense colors that convey the artist’s inner turmoil and psychological state.
Van Gogh’s bold and vibrant style laid the groundwork for future expressionist movements.
Other Post-Impressionism Artists Explored
While Gauguin and Van Gogh focused on subjective meanings, other Post-Impressionists like Paul Cézanne, Georges Seurat, and Paul Signac emphasized the formal aspects of Art.
They were interested in structure, order, and the optical effects of color. Their works, such as Cézanne’s “Mont Sainte-Victoire,” Seurat’s “A Sunday on La Grande Jatte,” and Signac’s “The Port of Saint-Tropez,” demonstrate their meticulous attention to composition, light, and color relationships.
They aimed to capture the essence of the world by relying on the interplay of colors and shapes, creating a new visual language that extended beyond mere representation.
Post-Impressionism Exploration Of Form And Pattern
The Post-Impressionists’ exploration of form and pattern laid the foundation for the radical abstract art movements that emerged in the early 20th century. Their early leanings toward abstraction challenged the traditional notion of Art as a window onto the world, instead turning it into a window into the artist’s mind and soul.
Artists like Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, and Kazimir Malevich built upon the Post-Impressionists’ groundwork and pushed the boundaries of abstraction even further.
Critics of the time grouped the various styles within Post-Impressionism into two opposing trends. On one side, the structured, or geometric, style foreshadowed the emergence of Cubism. Artists like Cézanne and Seurat, with their emphasis on form and order, provided a basis for the geometric exploration of space and multiple perspectives that characterized the Cubist movement.
Post-Impressionism Paved Way For Abstract Expressionism Movement
Conversely, expressive or non-geometric art paved the way for Abstract Expressionism. With their intense emotions and subjective interpretations, artists like Van Gogh and Gauguin laid the groundwork for the later generation of artists who sought to express their inner selves through bold, gestural brushwork and abstract forms.
The influence of Post-Impressionism extended far beyond its own time, shaping the trajectory of Art in the 20th century and beyond. The movement’s emphasis on subjective vision and exploring the artist’s inner world laid the groundwork for future artistic movements that focused on personal expression and breaking traditional boundaries.
Expressionism And Post-Impressionism
One such movement that Post-Impressionism heavily influenced was Expressionism, that emerged in the early 20th century,
Expressionism sought to convey the raw emotions and inner experiences of the artist. Artists like Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, and Egon Schiele delved deep into their psyches, creating artworks filled with distorted figures, bold colors, and exaggerated forms.
Expressionism’s emotional intensity and expressive brushwork can be traced back to the Post-Impressionists’ emphasis on personal expression and subjective vision.
Post-Impressionism also had a profound impact on the development of abstract Art. The movement’s early explorations of abstraction, particularly in the works of artists like Cézanne and Seurat, provided a springboard for the radical modernist exploration of non-representational Art in the early 20th century.
The Post-Impressionists ‘ departure from strict representation inspired artists like Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, and Kazimir Malevich. They embraced a pure, abstract language of form, line, and color.
The Legacy Of Post-Impressionism Seen In Contemporary Art
The legacy of Post-Impressionism can be seen in more contemporary art movements that address identity and personal narratives. Feminist Art, for instance, draws on the Post-Impressionists’ emphasis on subjective experience and personal expression to challenge traditional notions of gender roles and power dynamics.
Artists like Judy Chicago, Frida Kahlo, and Tracey Emin use their artwork to explore their experiences as women, reclaiming their voices and narratives in the art world.
Post-Impressionism was a pivotal movement in the history of Art, marking a significant departure from the purely visual approach of Impressionism. Its artists sought to go beyond the surface and delve into the depths of their subjective vision, using color, form, and symbolism to express their memories, emotions, and personal experiences.
The movement’s exploration of abstraction and subjective expression paved the way for future artistic movements, including Expressionism and Abstract Art.
The impact of Post-Impressionism can still be felt in contemporary Art, as artists continue to delve into their inner worlds and push the boundaries of personal expression and representation. It remains a testament to the power of Art to transcend the observable and invite viewers into the intricate landscapes of the artist’s mind and soul.
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