How Do Art Movements Begin?

Art Movements

Art movements can affect the way art is viewed during a specific period. There is usually some external force that will trigger an art movement by a group of artists.

An art movement usually begins as a specific philosophy, goal, or objective that a group of typical artists have. This could include a standard belief system or a belief in a common style of art. An art movement usually changes the artistic direction of the artwork for its time.

Art Movements And How They Begin

Even today, art movements continue to influence the art world.

Art movements usually begin because something will trigger the art movement due to a specific time or place. This will usually be based on the artist’s interest or even some political movement or changes in society.

Throughout the ages, artists have not worked alone. Artists are well known for working together in groups.

Here are a few things to remember about art movements:

  • Group of Artists Art movements are usally not attributed to the art of one single artist who is working alone but they are from a group of artist who are working together.
  • Common Beliefs – The artists who are working together (even if they may not physically be working at the same studio) will share a common belief about art and the direction of art.
  • Common Style of Art – The art movements all show a common style of art among a group of artists.
  • Specific Time – Art movements emerge for a specific time It can be from a few months to many years.
  • Change in Artistic Direction – The art movement shows a change in artistic direction for the art world. These artist are not just re-creating old art but they are actively re-creating something new and fresh for their time period. For many art movements the new movement was considered avant-garde.
  • Public Opinion May Differ – Many of the new art movements at first did not recieve very good reviews from the public and even art critics. This usually did not stop the artists from believing in the direction of their art work and continuing on.
  • External Forces Helped Drive the Movement – Many times changes in the world affected a group of artists and their art. Example include the industrial revolution, war, or new spiritual or religious beliefs.
  • Central figure or Institution – Some art movements start due to a central figure in the art world that inspires other artists or it can be because of an school the artist are all attending and this influences them and their work.

The starting of an art movement and why they start can be as varied as the how and where they started. There are no rules regarding how and why an art movement will start and what drives the art movement.

If an artist wanted to start an art movement, they would need first to find other like-minded artists. In other words, all art movements had some reasoning behind them as to why the art movement was started and why the other artists all joined the movement.

To fully understand art movements, we can look at some art movements and what drove those movements to start.

Impressionists

Impressionism is an art movement that many people are familiar with. This art movement is centered around a group of artists living in Paris from the late 1860s to the 1880s.

These artists shared some common beliefs and were influenced by Japanese woodblock prints, working outdoors, and showing contemporary life with a relatively abstract or individual style—the artist’s work was influenced by light and how light would affect the painting or their artwork.

Some of the impressionist artists were great friends and actively worked together. An example of this is what many considered a love triangle between Berthe Morisot and the two Manet brothers.

To discover more on this, you can read our blog Berthe Morisot and the Manet Brothers – Love And Impressionist Art by clicking this link.

The Impressionist artists organized a series of exhibitions under the name Société Anonyme des Artistes or also known as Société Anonyme des artistes, peintres, sculpteurs, graveurs, etc. They held their first exhibition in Paris in 1874.

In speaking of this, Rosenblum said this of the exhibition

“….a place where many kinds of fresh and audacious painting could be shown to the public, works made not by artists who had been voted out of the Salon establishment, but by artists who wished to turn their backs on it entirely.

Rosenblum – Britannica

In this exhibition, Claude Monet showed five paintings. One of them was called Impression, Sunrise (1872). The French art critic Louis Leroy was inspired by this painting, so the name Impressionist was coined from the title of the painting.

The impressionist movement was highly influential. It spread beyond France into many other parts of the artistic world.

The well-known post-impressionist artists are Paul Gauguin and Vincent Van Gogh; they built upon the color and brushstrokes that the Impressionists developed to create the post-impressionist movement.

Dada Art Movement

The Dada art movement started in Zurich, Switzerland, in the early 20th Century. This movement had a break-off movement in New York City.

The Dada movement developed as a direct reaction to World War I that raged through Europe. Many of the Dada painters had fought in the war.

The Dada movement consisted of artists who rejected logic, reason, and politics of the day. They were anti-bourgeoisie, anti-war, and anti-nationalism. They had political affirmations with radical left-wing and far-right politics.

The Dada movement is also an art movement that includes visual, literary, social media, poetry writing, and sculpture.

The exciting part of the Dada movement is that they had many vital figures that met together and joined together with a shared belief system. They influence other art movements like Cubism. And even though it was an informal international movement, they had participants from all over Europe and North America who believed in the Dada art movement.

Hugo Ball, a German Author, and poet said this in summing up the Dada art movement:

“For us, art is not an end in itself … it is an opportunity for the true preception and cirticism of the times we live in.”

Hugo Ball

The Dada art movement is an excellent example of an art movement directly influenced by political events in Europe. It was also a movement that reached out beyond its boundaries and influenced other parts of the world, including North America, add the Cubist art movement.

To learn more about art movements directly influenced by World War I, you can read our blog about Why New Art Movements Develop In The Years Following World War 1? by clicking this link.

In The Car (1963) by Roy Lichenstein

Pop Art

Pop art is an example of a movement and art style that emerged independently in London during the 1950s and New York in the early 1960s. In London, a group of artists at the Institute of Contemporary Art formed themselves into an independent group. This independent group later influenced artists in the United States.

Even though America and Britain had a pop art movement, they were distinctive and not the same. The British pop art was fuelled by the American popular culture from a distance, while Americans were inspired by what they saw and experienced within the American culture. One group was looking at it from the outside, and the other group was looking at the culture from the inside.

Pop art is an art movement that drew is inspiration from famous or commercial culture. It has remained a popular movement, with many countries and cultures contributing to the movement in the 1960s and 70s.

Many of the young Pop artists felt that what they were taught at an art school and what they were being shown in the art museums did not have anything to do with the lives they were presently living or the objects and things they saw around them every single day.

These Pop artists started to turn popular use sources such as Hollywood movies, advertising, product packaging, Pop music, and comic books as their imagery to inspire their art.

In 1957 Richard Hamilton, a British Pop Artist, summed it up best in a letter to his architect friends Peter and Alison Smithson when he said:

Pop Art is: Popular (designed for mass audience), Transcient (short-term solution), Expendable (easily forgotten), Low cost, Mass produced, Young (aimed at youth), Witty, Sexy, Gimmicky, Glamorous, Big business.”

Richard Hailton (Tate UK)

I believe Richard Hamilton summed up what pop art was and what it meant to the artist during its time.

Pop art remains a popular art movement. In fact, in the 1980s, the China Art or Pop Art Revolution, known as political art. Part of that revolution was in response to the brutal and divisive Chinese Cultural Revolution. The Chinese Pop art movement combined both propaganda art and pop art.

To understand what influences the art movements, you need to know a bit of the history during the artist’s time. That is because so much of the art movement also goes together with the history of things around the artist; most artists are observant and sensitive to things around them, and these external forces influence their art.

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Anita Louise Hummel

Hi, I am Anita Louise Hummel. I am an artist and a blogger. I paint mainly oil paints. I love to paint women, animals (mainly dogs and cats), and abstracts. I use a lot of gold and silver leaf in my paintings. I also love to blog about anything to do with art, business, Procreate, and all the wonderful artists that inspire me.

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